Windows XP Secrets

Setup Switches

These options are used with the Windows XP setup WINNT32.EXE program and change the way Windows can be installed.

/checkupgradeonly
Check the existing OS for compatibility with XP (but does not install)

/cmd:command_line
Executes command after GUI mode of setup completes, but before the reboot.

/cmdcons
Show the Recovery Console option to repair a failed installation.

/copydir:folder
Creates a subdirectory named “folder” below the XP directory

/copysource:folder
Copies source files to local directory “folder”

/debug[level][:filename]
Write a debug log to filename for warning levels. Level 0=severe errors, 1=errors, 2=warnings, 3=information, 4=detailed info for debugging. Default level is 2, and default filename is winnt32.log in the default Windows directory.

/dudisable
Disable dynamic update, so only the original setup files are used.

/makelocalsource
Copy all setup and installation files to the hard disk to run the installation from the hard disk rather than the CD (if CD is having problems during install).

/noreboot
Do not automatically reboot after installation completes copying the files.

/s:path
Specify the location of the Windows XP source files, such as a network path

/syspart :drive_letter
Copies temporary files to specified drive, make the drive active, and run from that drive.

/tempdrive :drive_letter
Drive location of temporary files

/udf:ID[,UDF_file]
Specify the settings file (uniqueness database) for use during an unattended installation

/unattend
Unattended installation. The /s option to specify the location of the source files must be used

Keyboard Shortcuts

Microsoft has a number of shortcuts. Below are some of the less commonly known, but very useful shortcuts. For a complete list on the Microsoft web site, click here.

SHIFT+DELETE
Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin

Windows Logo
Display or hide the Start menu

Windows Logo+BREAK
Display the System Properties dialog box)/two_third_last]

Windows Logo+D
Toggle to show desktop (minimize all open windows)

Windows Logo+E
Open My Computer

Windows Logo+F
Search for a file or a folder

Windows Logo+M
Minimize all of the windows

Windows Logo+SHIFT+M
Restore the minimized windows

Windows Logo+R
Open the Run dialog box